Dutch citizenship is based upon the Dutch Nationality Act of 1984.

DUTCH CITIZENSHIP BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of the Netherlands does not automatically confer citizenship.

- Child born in wedlock, one of whose parents is a Dutch citizen.
- Child adopted, one of whose parents is a Dutch citizen and the adoption is in accordance with Dutch law.
- Child born out of wedlock whose mother is a Dutch citizen.
- Child born out of wedlock, of a foreign mother and Dutch father — citizenship will not be granted until the child is legitimized and recognized by the Dutch father.

Dutch citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions:
- Having resided continually in the country for at least five years and able to speak the Dutch language.
- Foreign spouses of Dutch nationals may apply for citizenship after three years of marriage, provided they are able to speak the Dutch language.

- Dutch child born abroad who acquires the citizenship of country of birth. Upon reaching the age of majority, person must chose which nationality to keep.
- Person, who involuntarily obtains another citizenship may not be asked to renounce Dutch citizenship. Questions concerning dual citizenship and what constitutes involuntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship are not entirely clear in Dutch courts. In cases where the status of Dutch dual citizenship is unclear, contact the Dutch consulate for clarification.

VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of Dutch citizenship may be accomplished in the Netherlands or abroad. Dutch citizens living abroad may send letters of renunciation to the nearest Dutch embassy or consulate.
INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Dutch citizenship: Voluntary acquisition of foreign citizenship.

Dutch citizenship information is summarized from the above-mentioned law. Any action concerning Dutch citizenship should be taken after consulting with a Dutch immigration lawyer or the official authority responsible with Dutch citizenship.


  1. Hello.
    I am researching how I can have a European Citizenship. My only connection is that my grandparents are Dutch. They were born and raised in the Netherlands, and immigrated to Canada about 50 years ago. My father however was born and raised in Canada. Is there any way possible I can obtain some sort of European status through my grandparents? I know that because my grandparents are Dutch, I can study in university there for free. Is there any connection here?
    Any feedback will be appreciated!
    Thank you.

  2. I was born in the Netherlands in 1953. Parents emigrated in 1957 to U.S. and were naturalized in 1963, when I was also naturalized as a minor. Can I get Dutch citizenship back?

  3. Hello

    I am also researching how I can get citizenship. My Mother was born in Holland and lived there when she was younger and my grandparents are also Dutch.

    My Mother then moved to Australia, got Australian citizenship and lost her Dutch citizenship.

    Is there any way that I can get an EU passport/citizenship through that or Is my Mother able to get hers back so I could get mine?

  4. Hello,

    Im a Dutch citizen, my boyfriend however lives in Canada and he wants to become a Dutch citizen. I’m wondering what he needs to do to become one. Can somebody help us out?
    Thank you.

  5. Hi, I was born to Dutch citizens, two years after their leaving the Netherlands. I was told that up the the third generation we would be eligible for Dutch passports/citizenship. However that all changed. I had had passports for myself and my two eldest sons, but these lapsed. I did not have the money to restore them before the deadline in 2003. Is there any way in which we as a family can still get our Dutch citizenship back? We left our country of birth ten years ago, but still have citizenship of that country.

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  7. Hi I was born in Tasmania from dutch parent before they were naturalised, am I able to apply for dutch citezenship and if so how do I go about this. Cheers Marja

  8. Hi
    My father was a dutch citizen when I was born but it later expired when I was about 11 years old. I am a Canadian Citizen and am 15 years old. Is there any way I can become a Dutch Citizen through my father?
    Any help would be great. Thanks

  9. Dear all you other fellow children of naturalised Dutch immigrants,

    I can answer many of your questions from my own experience. I was born to Dutch parents in New Zealand prior to 1985 before they naturalised in 1989 when I also lost my Dutch nationality.
    I moved to the Netherlands on a highly skilled migrants visa and after living here for one year (on a non temporary visa) all I had to do was prove that I was born before my parents naturalised and I now have the Dutch citizenship. This was called the ‘options procedure’. There are other ways to do it through the options procedure, but this was simplest for me (and I wanted to move here).

    Here are some points I have learned.
    - if you were born prior to 1985 only your fathers nationality counts.
    - Grandparents do not count.
    - if your parents naturalised between 1985 and 1990, it is harder to regain the Dutch nationality because of policy changes.

    I spent a lot of time figuring this all out, but as of last Monday I am finally a Dutch citizen.
    Hope this helps.

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  11. An important note for those born in the Netherlands and naturalised to another citizenship as a minor:  depending on the laws of the country of naturalised citizenship, the minor may not have lost his/her Dutch citizenship.  i.e. in Canada and in New Zealand where according to national citizenship laws minor children are naturalised “independent” of their parents.  Being ‘independently’ is a crucial distinction and is NOT true for every country, or over time in the same country.  South Africa has similar laws, with some restrictions.  Australia too has some exceptions regarding the lose of Dutch citizenship when a minor naturalises.  In the Netherlands, the common, but incorrect belief, even among immigration lawyers, is that if a minor child naturalises to a (non-Dutch) citizenship, they lose their Dutch citizenship.  This is certainly not necessarily the case and the laws of both countries at the time that the minor’s naturalisation took place should be examined in detail.

    Also, there are some circumstances wherein a person who has lost their citizenship is able to regain it.  Start your research on the Wikipedia site: Search for “Dutch nationality law”.  NOTE: Under particular conditions the option to regain (“resume”) NL citizenship will expire in March 2013, 10 years from the 2003 change in the law.

    In October 2010, a new Dutch law entered into force allowing the (now adult) children, born between 1964 and 1985, of Dutch mothers and non-Dutch
    fathers to request Dutch nationality through the option procedure.   These children of Dutch mothers are known as Latent Dutch or Latente Nederlanders, as are the children’s minor children.  They have formed an online community on Facebook and on yahoo groups.  Much information has been collected and shared by this group on a wikispaces site:

    See additional Dutch citizenship information on wikipedia.  Search for “Dutch nationality law”.

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  13. Caleb,
    Your father may be able to regain his Dutch citizenship, see my comments above, and read the information on Dutch Minbuza.nl website (NL Foreign Affairs Dept.).  Since your father was Dutch when you were born and since you are still a minor, you may have a chance. I suspect your father may have to resume his Dutch citizenship (if that’s even possible inhis case), then declare you to the Dutch embassy/consulate as his minor child, your window of opportunity may close on 31 March 2013 when some laws about resumption of NL citizenship expire for former NL citizens, and you’re also nearing 18. On the other hand perhaps this is not a requirement. Citizenship laws are very complicated with many exceptions both positive
    and negative, and this is doubled when two countries are involved.  Your best route is to contact the Netherlands consulate nearest you to get some advice, first regarding the status of your father’s citizenship. Don’t delay. These procedures take a lot of time. But if you think there is still a chance, be persistent, even with consulate or embassy staff.  Don’t take no for an answer until you are shown EXACTLY which laws apply in your case.  Contact an immigration lawyer who knows Dutch laws, if necessary.  There is a large Dutch community in Vancouver as in other parts of Canada, so you may be able to find someone in Canada who knows the citizenship laws of both countries. You can also work with lawyers in the Netherlands via email.  Those in Amsterdam or The Hague are very good in English and will have no problem communicating with you if you and your family aren’t comfortable in Dutch.  Good luck.

  14. I was born in Curacao in 1963 and lived there for 13 yrs, but do not have Dutch Citizenship now. I would like to have Citizenship now. Is this possible?

  15. Hey there.
    I’m Julie and i would like to know how can i get a dutch citizenship for my mom, she has been living on St.Maarten for almost 30 years and she has permenant papers for there, but they are giving her a hard time to get her passport, i understand that she has to speak ducth but she is very sick and can’t do the exam, so i was hoping you could give me some insight on what i can do?

    so please help!
    thanks in advance. =)

  16. My mom was born in Holland 1949 and came to Canada in 1952. She still is a Dutch Citizen and only a landed immigrant. I would love to get my dual citizen with Holland. Is it possible to do this? I have access to all paperwork from my mom needed to prove her landed immigrant status. Where would I start the process and would my children be elegible? Both my husband and I come from complete Euopean back grounds. Scottish, Irish, Polish, Ukrainian, Enland, Holland its all there. I’m first generation Canadian on my mom’s side and my husband is 2nd generation Canadian on his side. Thank you.

  17. Very nice article if you’re interested in becoming a Dutch citizen like me. Compared to other countries, it doesn’t take a lot of years to become a Dutch citizen. Just got to live there for five years, and you can consider yourself a Dutch!

    visa application for usa

  18. I’ve lived in Netherlands for 15 years already, so that would mean that I’m eligible to apply for a Dutch citizenship. It’s interesting to think that 15 years ago I was only a student living in discount hotels.

  19. hi i have a dutch baby but im not more in contact with her father, the father recognised the baby and just gave a pass port to her baby, but the immigration asking me to leave the country and refuse my application of resident in the netherland with my baby..im not in contact with the father, the father is a very patient man,he’s now andicap and can not even walk, im not sure he can make it when they can give him my daughter, i really love my baby is it possible that they can deporte me back to africa with a dutch baby??can you please advise me what to do?

  20. I moved to Canada in the 70′s from Holland (Nederlands). Became a Canadian citizen. I now would like to move back to The Nederlands. Can I do this. And if so how.

  21. hi! i have my dutch passport and getting married soon. is there any way my that my husband can now get his dutch passport through me?

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