ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP

Estonian citizenship is based upon the Estonian citizenship Law passed by the Riigikogu (the Parliament) on January 19, 1995, with an effective date of April 1, 1995.

ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP BY BIRTH:

Birth within the territory of Estonia does not automatically confer Estonian citizenship. The exception is a child born to unknown parents.

ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP BY DESCENT:

Child of a recognized Estonian mother or father, regardless of the child’s country of birth, even if the father dies before birth.
- OTHER: The following are eligible to acquire Estonian citizenship:
- Foreign woman who married a citizen of Estonia before February 26, 1992.
- Child under 18 years of age, of a foreign mother who marries a citizen of Estonia and establishes permanent residency.
- Child born out of wedlock, who is legitimized (recognized) by the Estonian father.

ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP BY NATURALIZATION:

Estonian citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is at least 15 years old, is familiar with the Estonian language, and has permanently resided in Estonia for at least five years. (Permanent residency time is calculated after March 30, 1990, but may be waived in certain situations.)
Persons Not Eligible For Naturalized Citizenship:
- Person convicted of a serious crime.
- Foreign military personnel on active duty.

DUAL ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED.

LOSS OF ESTONIAN CITIZENSHIP:
VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of Estonian citizenship is permitted by law. Persons who have not completed compulsory military service may not renounce citizenship. Contact Embassy for details and required paperwork.
INVOLUNTARY: The following are grounds for involuntary loss of Estonian citizenship:
- Person voluntarily acquires a foreign citizenship.
- Person has entered into the military or civilian service of a foreign state.

Estonian citizenship information is summarized from the above-mentioned law. Any action concerning Estonian citizenship should be taken after consulting with a Estonian immigration lawyer or the official authority responsible with Estonian citizenship.

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