Portuguese citizenship is based upon Citizenship Law #37/81, dated 1981, and regulated by Decree Law #322/82.
PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP BY BIRTH:
Birth within the
PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP BY DESCENT:
Child, at least one of whose parents is a citizen of
PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP BY REGISTRATION:
The following are eligible for citizenship by registration:
- Foreign spouses who have been married to a Portuguese citizen for over 3 years.
- Foreign child adopted by Portuguese citizens.
PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP BY NATURALIZATION:
Portuguese citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions:
- Person is at least 21 years old.
- Person has resided in
speaking country or for 10 years for other nationals.
- Person has a working knowledge of Portuguese.
- Person possesses a good moral character and civil record.
- Person has a viable means of support.
DUAL PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP: RECOGNIZED.
Exception: Portuguese citizens who obtained a second citizenship prior to October of 1981 lost their Portuguese citizenship under the previous Citizenship Law #2098, dated July, 1959. Upon adoption of the new law, # 37/81, these persons were able to petition for the return of their Portuguese citizenship.
LOSS OF PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP:
VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of Portuguese citizenship is permitted by law. Contact the Embassy for details and required paperwork.
INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Portuguese citizenship: Upon reaching age 21, dual citizen does not formally express their desire to maintain their Portuguese citizenship.
Portuguese citizenship information is summarized from the above-mentioned law. Any action concerning Portuguese citizenship should be taken after consulting with a Portuguese immigration lawyer or the official authority responsible with Portuguese citizenship.